NEUROLOGY AND PSYCHOLOGY – WHAT IS THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THEM?

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A neurological problem may give rise to psychological issues,

Studies by neurology doctors confirm that neurology and psychology have a lot in common and are closely interlinked. A neurological problem may give rise to psychological issues, and sometimes, a psychological behavior may lead to neurological disorders. Both the branches of science study the human brain and deal with its function affecting behavior and cognition.

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE TWO

DESCRIPTION

NEUROLOGY

PSYCHOLOGY

Definition

A neurological disorder refers to damage or poor function of the nervous system. It includes the brain, nerves, and spinal cord.

The disorders attributed to disturbed behavior and emotions of an individual are called psychological disorders.

Specialized Doctor

Neurologist

Psychologist

Diagnosis

A typical MRI scan to diagnose the condition by neurology doctors.

The reasons an individual has these disorders include trauma, genetics, prenatal damage, and medical conditions. The diagnosis is through counseling and a few tests.

Treatment

A typical MRI scan to diagnose the condition by neurology doctors.

Therapy, medication, or a combination of both to treat these disorders.

Examples

Examples of neurology disorders include epilepsy, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease.

Examples of psychological disorders include Bipolar, Depression, Autism, Anorexia, Anxiety, and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.

 

THE SIMILARITIES BETWEEN THE TWO

It is almost impossible to ignore the similarities between neurology and psychology. After thorough research, Nicolas Crosley (Kings College, London) in 2015 found the following.

  • Both aspects affect functional networks that are distinguished.
  • Similarities between the two outnumber the differences between them.

Desiree Shapiro of The Department of Psychiatry, University of California believes that the similarity between the two branches of science often makes the diagnosis of a condition hard. The treating physician is in a dilemma – should he refer the patient to a neurologist or a psychologist? Thus, they ask more questions and investigate the history of the patient to make informed decisions.

 

NEUROLOGY HELPING PSYCHOLOGY

One focuses on the physical aspects of a condition, while the other explores the mental state. It is argued that though from diverse branches, neurology and psychology complement each other at many levels. Understanding the brain from a scientific point of view helps shed light on the why and what of a mental state of mind. Some important findings due to this coexistence are:

  • Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson's disease is a disorder defined by degeneration of the brain. Neurology, or neuroscience, in particular, helps in creating digital models. Based on this, the doctors can suggest therapies to the patient which is tailor-made for their pattern of nerve disorder.

  • Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s disease is the decline in an individual’s intellectual abilities that leads to changes in behavior and mental health. Neurology research has suggested that memory can be improved by using a gene transfer approach.

  • Clinical Depression

Symptoms of low mood for most of the time is Clinical Depression. In a classic psychological case, the study of the brain at different times through scans helps the Doctor to diagnose the problem. It helps them identify the changes in them and their simulations. Based on the findings, a treatment plan is made.

 

A HAPPY COUPLE

With their differences and similarities, both branches of science have never failed to excite the Doctors. Most neurology doctors and psychologists believe that advances in neurology help prove a psychological theory, and likewise, psychology provides a window into the human brain. They both function and challenge each other to do better. The positive outcome is always beneficial to the medical community.

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