How Do a Neurologist and a Neurosurgeon Differ?

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Though the terms ‘neurologist’ and ‘neurosurgeon’ might seem similar, they are not the same.

It is essential to know which type of specialist to consult for a certain ailment, needing a diagnosis and treatment. The brain and spinal cord make up the central nervous system, which governs the functioning of the body and the mind. Both a neurosurgeon and a neurologist are experts in treating central nervous system disorders.

Who is a Neurologist?

A neurologist specializes in treating diseases and disorders of the brain and nervous system. They do not, however, undertake surgery. Headaches, Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis, sleep difficulties, pain, brain tumors, peripheral nerve diseases, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis are among the illnesses they treat. Some neurologist in India specialize in one or more subspecialties, such as neurophysiology, pediatric neurology, epilepsy, vascular neurology, behavioral neurology, etc.

Who is a Neurosurgeon?

One prevalent misconception is that neurosurgeons only operate on the brain. However, they also address diseases that exhibit symptoms in one part of your body but are related to the central nervous system because the nervous system stretches from your brain to your spine. For example, Carpal tunnel syndrome can occur due to an issue with your cervical spine (neck area). Neurosurgeons often use non-operative treatment strategies before performing surgery, even though they can perform complex surgeries.

Selecting the Appropriate Specialist

We usually get confused between the role of a neurologist and a neurosurgeon as their function overlaps to some extent. However, these specialists may collaborate when surgery is required (such as for a brain tumor). For example, a neurologist in India may recommend a patient to a neurosurgeon for surgery, and the patient then returns to the neurologist for long-term therapy.

If you believe you have symptoms that may require a brain and spinal specialist, consult your general physician to determine which type of specialist you should see. Max Hospital's comprehensive team of specialists has extensive expertise in treating neurological injuries and disorders of different complex levels.